Differentially-private (DP) databases allow for privacy-preserving analytics over sensitive datasets or data streams. In these systems, user privacy is a limited resource that must be conserved with each query. We propose Turbo, a novel, state-of-the-art caching layer for linear query workloads over DP databases. Turbo builds upon private multiplicative weights (PMW), a DP mechanism that is powerful in theory but ineffective in practice, and transforms it into a highly-effective caching mechanism, PMW-Bypass, that uses prior query results obtained through an external DP mechanism to train a PMW to answer arbitrary future linear queries accurately and for free from a privacy perspective. Our experiments on public Covid and CitiBike datasets show that Turbo with PMW-Bypass conserves 1.7 – 15.9× more budget compared to vanilla PMW and simpler cache designs, a significant improvement. Moreover, Turbo provides support for range query workloads, such as timeseries or streams, where opportunities exist to further conserve privacy budget through DP parallel composition and warm-starting of PMW state. Our work provides a theoretical foundation and general system design for effective caching in DP databases.