Unleashing Unprivileged eBPF Potential with Dynamic Sandboxing


For safety reasons, unprivileged users today have only limited ways to customize the kernel through the extended Berkeley Packet Filter (eBPF). This is unfortunate, especially since the eBPF framework itself has seen an increase in scope over the years. We propose SandBPF, a software-based kernel isolation technique that dynamically sandboxes eBPF programs to allow unprivileged users to safely extend the kernel, unleashing eBPF’s full potential. Our early proof-of-concept shows that SandBPF can effectively prevent exploits missed by eBPF’s native safety mechanism (i.e., static verification) while incurring 0%-10% overhead on webserver benchmarks.

In SIGCOMM Workshop on eBPF and Kernel Extensions.